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Artifacts

About Songpa>Artifacts
Bronze Age Artifacts from the Garakdong Site
The Garakdong Archaeological Site is located at a low lying hill about 2 kilometers away from the Han River. The site was excavated in 1963 by a Korea University team who discovered it during a field survey, and yielded pit dwelling sites and various Bronze Age artifacts such as Undecorated (Minmunui) Pottery, stone knife, stone arrowhead, and spindle whorl. The pit dwelling site revealed that it had a rectangular layout, 10m by 7m, built by digging a gently sloped ground by 10 to 50cm deep, but the archaeologists discovered there neither a hearth nor column holes. The Undecorated Pottery found at the site, now better known by the term Garak Style Pottery, is believed as a variation of the horn-shaped pottery discovered at the northwestern part of the Korean Peninsula and a valuable source of knowledge on the pottery of the early Bronze Age in Korea.
Undecorated Pottery Bowl
Also known as Garak Style Pottery or a variation of the Horn-shaped Pottery, this coarse, undecorated pottery of the early Bronze Age is marked by a 4cm-wide double-tier clay band attached around the mouth and short oblique lines made along the lower edge of the band by pressing with nail or a similar tool such as twig. The base is comparatively narrow and flat while the body widens as it goes up and has erected mouth..
Mouth diameter: 37.0cm
Base diameter: 11.8cm
Height: 42.18cm
Undecorated Pottery Jar
This pottery of early Bronze Age is characterized by a long (3cm) neck, a feature seldom seen in other pottery made in the period, and the body abruptly widening then gradually shrunken to have a narrow base. The clay contains a lot of sandy impurities which make crude and rough surface, suggesting that it was fired in a low temperature. The wall is generally 0.6-1.0cm thick.
Mouth diameter: 15.0cm
Base diameter: 11.4cm
Height: 33.9cm
Spindle Whorl
Made by grinding porphyry of blue tint, this spindle whorl of the Bronze Age is a weight used with a spindle to give momentum in spinning, used for twisting yarn into thread by hand. Most of the whorls discovered in Korea were made by baking clay or grinding rock.
Mouth diameter: 15.0cm
Base diameter: 11.4cm
Height: 33.9cm
Burin
Made by grinding porphyry of blue tint, this spindle whorl of the Bronze Age is a weight used with a spindle to give momentum in spinning, used for twisting yarn into thread by hand. Most of the whorls discovered in Korea were made by baking clay or grinding rock
Length: 5.0cm
Thickness: 0.8cm
Whetstones
Lengths: 4.8cm & 4.0cm
Width: 2.4cm & 2.2cm
Stone Arrowhead
Length: 3.0cm
Width: 0.9cm
Thickness: 0.3cm