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Intangible Cultural Properties

About Songpa>Cultural Remains>Intangible Cultural Properties
Songpa Sandae Nori
Name : Songpa Sandae Nori
Appointment :Important Intangible Cultural Property No. 49 (Nov. 11, 1973)
Location : 136, Samhaksa-ro (within Seoul Nori Madang), old Songpa-jin
Holder : Hakseok Kim
Sandae Nori is a masked play originated from Seoul, Gyeonggi area; main Sandae was originated from Gupabal, Nokbeon and Aeogae(Ahyeon), from which other Sandae Nori was derived and spread to Yangjugu-eup, Toegaewon, Songpa and Nodeol(Noryangjin); Yangjubyeol Sandae Nori with characteristics of Gwanwon Gwanno Nori and Songpa Sandae Nori, one of masked plays widely played in trade places are the only ones continued today.

Songpa(near Jamsil bridge) is one of the 5 Han river ferries near Seoul area; ships could reach to Gangwon-do and merchants could travel by horses. In late Chosun, it was one of the wealthiest among the 15 largest cities, therefore economic condition for Songpa Sandae Nori was already established. However when Woo and Cheonho-dong market outside Dongdaemun grew, Songa’s commercial power was weakened and the great flood in Han river in 1925 made things worse; the town was destroyed people moved and settled in Shin Songpa(Garak-dong) and Dolmari(Seokchon-dong); masked play was slowly forgotten, only maintaining its existence; then it was appointed as an Important Intangible Cultural Property No. 49 in 1973, which stimulated inheriting the skills.

It was played during major holidays such as the 15th of January, Dano, Baekjung andChuseok; especially in Baekjung, famous actors were invited and gave performance for a week; even when the trade wasn’t busy, merchants would hang a rope in the air(tight rope walking), put a wrestling match and play Sandae Nori to keep the market going.

Dance was the main performance just like in other masked plays; witty remarks and singing also took their parts; main instrumental accompaniment was composed of 12 beats of Yeombul, Taryeong and Gutgeori rhythm; dance styles included Yeombul Geodeureum, Taryeong Ggaeggiri(Ggaeggi dance) and Gutgeori Geondeureong, all of which were again divided into over 40 different dance movements, therefore these could be the comprehensive typical dance movements of Korean folk dance.

The structure of the play still follows the traditional 12 madang(acts) principle; and the number of masks is 32, among which masks of Sandaedogam are still preserved and relatively true to their originals.