Intangible Cultural Properties
About Songpa>Cultural Remains>Intangible Cultural Properties
- Songpa Sandae Nori
- Name : Songpa Sandae Nori
- Appointment :Important Intangible Cultural Property No.
49 (Nov. 11, 1973)
- Location : 136, Samhaksa-ro (within Seoul Nori Madang),
- Holder : Hakseok Kim
Sandae Nori is a masked play originated from Seoul, Gyeonggi
area; main Sandae was originated from Gupabal, Nokbeon and
Aeogae(Ahyeon), from which other Sandae Nori was derived and
spread to Yangjugu-eup, Toegaewon, Songpa and
Nodeol(Noryangjin); Yangjubyeol Sandae Nori with
characteristics of Gwanwon Gwanno Nori and Songpa Sandae Nori,
one of masked plays widely played in trade places are the only
ones continued today.
Songpa(near Jamsil bridge) is one of the 5 Han river
ferries near Seoul area; ships could reach to Gangwon-do and
merchants could travel by horses. In late Chosun, it was one of
the wealthiest among the 15 largest cities, therefore economic
condition for Songpa Sandae Nori was already established.
However when Woo and Cheonho-dong market outside Dongdaemun
grew, Songa’s commercial power was weakened and the great flood
in Han river in 1925 made things worse; the town was destroyed
people moved and settled in Shin Songpa(Garak-dong) and
Dolmari(Seokchon-dong); masked play was slowly forgotten, only
maintaining its existence; then it was appointed as an
Important Intangible Cultural Property No. 49 in 1973, which
stimulated inheriting the skills.
It was played during major holidays such as the 15th of
January, Dano, Baekjung andChuseok; especially in Baekjung,
famous actors were invited and gave performance for a week;
even when the trade wasn’t busy, merchants would hang a rope in
the air(tight rope walking), put a wrestling match and play
Sandae Nori to keep the market going.
Dance was the main performance just like in other
masked plays; witty remarks and singing also took their parts;
main instrumental accompaniment was composed of 12 beats of
Yeombul, Taryeong and Gutgeori rhythm; dance styles included
Yeombul Geodeureum, Taryeong Ggaeggiri(Ggaeggi dance) and
Gutgeori Geondeureong, all of which were again divided into
over 40 different dance movements, therefore these could be the
comprehensive typical dance movements of Korean folk dance.
The structure of the play still follows the traditional
12 madang(acts) principle; and the number of masks is 32, among
which masks of Sandaedogam are still preserved and relatively
true to their originals.